Cyber hygiene encompasses the practices and steps that organisations take to maintain the health and security of their data and systems. Good cyber hygiene is critical because it reduces the risk of cyberattacks and data breaches, helping organisations maintain operational integrity and protect sensitive information.

This self-assessment is designed to evaluate an organisation's maturity in implementing cyber hygiene practices. It helps pinpoint areas that need improvement and ensures that all aspects of cybersecurity are being managed effectively to protect against evolving threats.

1. Security infrastructure

This section evaluates the frequency and thoroughness of system updates, the effectiveness of antivirus and antimalware solutions, and the extent of data encryption.

Regular updates and robust security solutions are vital to defend against malware and other cyber threats, while encryption protects data integrity and confidentiality, crucial for compliance and security.

2. Regulatory compliance and management commitment

Assessing how often senior management reviews and updates cybersecurity policies and the extent of compliance with cybersecurity regulations helps ensure that organisational policies are proactive rather than reactive.

Integrating cybersecurity risks into overall risk management is essential for a holistic approach to organisational security.

3. Threat intelligence

The ability to stay informed about the latest cyber threats and the frequency of external security assessments reflects an organisation's commitment to proactive security.

Utilising dedicated threat intelligence services and conducting regular security assessments like penetration testing are fundamental for anticipating and mitigating potential security vulnerabilities.

4. Threat detection and response

Evaluating the comprehensiveness of the vulnerability management program, response strategies to cybersecurity threats, and the scope of penetration testing determines an organisation's readiness to identify and react to security incidents.

Advanced vulnerability management and automated response mechanisms are indicative of a high maturity level in cyber hygiene, significantly reducing the potential impact of cyber threats.